Fall in love with Cairo and the beauty of the river Nile. Enjoy a free Camel ride at the Pyramids area. Discover ancient monuments, temples and five thousand years of Egyptian culture.
Arrival - Cairo
Cairo - Pyramids, Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili
The great Pyramids of Giza (Cheops, Chephren and Mycerinus) were reckoned by the Greeks to be one of the Seven Wonders of the World. A single pyramid is built with 2.300.000 blocks, each weighing an average of two and a half tones. In the face of such immensity, one cannot help but feel the wonder and awe that so many writers and artists have sought to convey over the centuries. The Cheops Pyramid is more interesting, because its interior burial chambers are open for inspection by the public. Not far from the Pyramids is the Great Sphinx of Giza, which dates from the time of Chephren (2620 BC). Hewn from natural yellowish limestone and standing 65 feet-high and 187 feet-long, this unforgettable statue combines the head of a Pharaoh with a lion’s body.
Enjoy a free Camel ride at the Pyramids area. A quick visit to papyrus institute or a perfume shop can be arranged after the visit.
Drive to the Egyptian Museum for another unforgettable tour. The museum was established by the Egyptian government in 1835. The present museum building was built in 1900, in the new classical style by the French architect Marcel Dourgnon. The museum exhibited collections now exceed 120,000 objects ranges from pre-historic era to the Greco Roman period. It has 107 halls, and the ground floor houses huge statues. The upper floor houses small statues, jewels, Tutankhamen treasures. The museum also comprises of a photography section and large library.
After the visit of the museum a short drive through the downtown will take you to Khan El Khalili bazaars, which is one of the most famous worldwide with its amazing narrow alleyways. The visitor can discover small restaurants and workaday cafes where Egyptians & non-Egyptians come to smoke water pipes and enjoy some of the traditional Egyptian drinks in the cafes scattered around the area.
Aswan visits – Nile Cruise (Wednesdays and Fridays)
At 12:00 embarkation followed by lunch. Start your guided tour to visit the High Dam, the Philae temple and the Unfinished obelisk.
The High Dam is an engineering miracle built in 1960 protecting Egypt from annual floods from the Nile, it contains 18 times the material used in the Great Pyramid of Cheops. The Dam is 11,811 feet long, 3215 feet thick at the base and 364 feet tall. Today it provides irrigation and electricity for the whole of Egypt and, together with the old Aswan Dam.
Proceed to visit the majestic Philae Temple; due to the location of the Temple on an island, a boat has to be taken to get to the site, since early century, the site of Philae was flooded for six months each year, an incredible restoration program was undertaken in the 1960s, and the Temple was moved stone by stone to a higher elevation.
The Unfinished Obelisk is the largest known ancient obelisk and is in the northern region of the stone quarries of ancient Egypt in Aswan, Egypt. It was ordered by Hatshepsut (1508–1458 BC), possibly to complement the Lateran Obelisk (which was originally at Karnak and was later brought to the Lateran Palace in Rome). It is nearly one third larger than any ancient Egyptian obelisk ever erected. If finished it would have measured around 42 m (approximately 137 feet) and would have weighed nearly 1,200 tons.
After the visits, transfer to the Nile Cruise.
Kom Ombo & Edfu Temples
Sail to Edfu. Lunch on board.
Visit Edfu Temple; it is one of the best-preserved shrines in Egypt. The temple was built in the Ptolemaic Kingdom between 237 and 57 BC. The inscriptions on its walls provide important information on language, myth, and religion during the Hellenistic period in Egypt, the Temple is nearly intact and a very good example of an ancient Egyptian temple. The its archaeological significance and high state of preservation has made it a centre for tourism in Egypt and a frequent stop for the many riverboats that cruise the Nile.
Karnak Temple construction at the complex began during the reign of Senusret I in the Middle Kingdom (around 2000–1700 BC) and continued into the Ptolemaic period (305–30 BC), although most of the extant buildings date from the New Kingdom; the complex is a vast open site and includes the Karnak Open Air Museum.
Luxor Temple in the East bank it is a great temple complex in modern Luxor dedicated to Amun, a creator god often fused with the sun-god Ra into Amun-Ra. The construction work on the temple began during the reign of Amenhotep III in the 14th century BC. Horemheb and Tutankhamun added columns, statues, and friezes, and Akhenaten had earlier obliterated his father’s cartouches and installed a shrine to the Aten, However, the only major expansion effort took place under Ramses II some 100 years after the first stones were put in place.
Luxor - Cairo - Departure
Visit Valley of Kings, Valley of Queens, Hatshepsut temple and Colossi of Memnon.
Valley of the Kings is situated over 1,000 feet of limestone and other sedimentary rock, it is a long narrow defile just west of the Nile River in Upper Egypt. It was part of the ancient city of Thebes and was the burial site of almost all the kings (pharaohs) of the 18th, 19th, and 20th dynasties (1539–1075 BCE), from Thutmose I to Ramses X. Located in the hills behind Dayr al-Baḥrī, the 62 known tombs exhibit variety both in plan and in decoration. In 1979 UNESCO designated the valley part of the World Heritage site of ancient Thebes.
The Valley of the Queens is a site in, where the wives of pharaohs were buried in ancient times. It was known then as Ta-Set-Neferu, meaning “the place of beauty”. It was most famous for being the burial site of many wives of Pharaohs.
Hatshepsut Temple is a mortuary temple of Ancient Egypt built for the Eighteenth Dynasty pharaoh Hatshepsut, who died in 1458 BC, the temple is located beneath the cliffs at Deir el-Bahari on the west bank of the Nile near the Valley of the King. This mortuary temple is dedicated to Amun and Hatshepsut, and is considered one of the “incomparable monuments of ancient Egypt.
The Colossi of Memnon are two massive stone statues of the Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who reigned in Egypt during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. Since 1350 BCE, they have stood in the Theban Necropolis, located west of the River Nile from the modern city of Luxor.
Transfer to Luxor airport to board your flight to Cairo. Meet and assist upon arrival Cairo airport to board your flight back home.
Ramadis Nile Cruises
Specification: Cairo and Nile Cruise Tour